Inclusive lifelong learning in cities: Policies and practices for vulnerable groups

Many parts of this publication addressed specific vulnerable groups by analysing their circumstances, presenting examples of existing city-level policies and practices targeting those groups, and concluding with a series of recommendations to enhance their inclusion in lifelong learning. Significant differences notwithstanding, there is a commonality across groups: a risk of exclusion from learning opportunities. It is also true that, on a granular level, there is more complexity in how individuals are excluded from learning, and many experience more than one form of individual and situational disadvantage. As some of the examples featured in this publication have shown, a lifelong learning policy or practice may simultaneously support the inclusion of different vulnerable groups. Additionally, lifelong learning initiatives can ameliorate vulnerabilities caused by locational factors if they also aim for community development.