Strengthening resilience in inclusive learning

In recent years, there has been increased focus on fostering wellbeing and developing resilience in children with special educational needs (SEN).

This has led to comprehensive programmes to enhance and promote inclusive learning environments, family participation and the wellbeing of SEN pupils.

Inclusive education systems help SEN pupils to feel accepted and be a part of their community. Organisations such as the European Agency for Special Needs and Inclusive Education (EASNIE) promote inclusive approaches, from co-teaching models to peer assistance programmes. The Zero Project in Austria supports inclusive education by spotting and disseminating effective strategies from across Europe to help SEN pupils feel included.

Adapting teaching strategies

Meeting the needs of SEN pupils requires flexible learning environments. The OECD’s review of the efforts in Portugal provides adaptable examples and recommendations about adapting teaching strategies to the skills and challenges of SEN pupils to create inclusive learning environments through individualised planning and integrating assistive technology.

Helping SEN pupils become adept self-advocates is another essential part of building their resilience. For example, the European Network on Independent Living project (ENIL) supports giving people with disabilities a voice and the resources to advocate for themselves. By teaching self-advocacy skills, schools play a critical role in empowering SEN pupils to engage with their own education and advocate for their own needs.


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