School Segregation takes different forms in different contexts (Module 2) and it is caused by different factors (Module 3). However, the different expressions of school segregation have in common that they all have a negative impact on social and educational opportunities, as well as on social cohesion, both in the short and the long term. In this module, we illustrate the negative consequences of school segregation, which help to understand the need to tackle this problem in European cities. Which are these effects? Are they only present in the educational field? Does segregation affect students from different social origins equally?

Objectives of the module: This module aims to provide information and discussions on the wide range of consequences resulting from school segregation. In particular, the module objectives are:

  • To approach to multifaceted adverse effects of school segregation
  • To reflect on the relationship between school segregation, social inequality and social cohesion
  • To examine the educational impact of school segregation

Outline of the module: This module is structured in 2 units. Each of them responds to the impact of school segregation on specific fields.

Unit 4.1. School segregation and inequality of educational opportunities approaches the ways in which school composition impinges on students’ opportunities. It deals with direct and indirect mechanisms through which school segregation reduces children’s educational opportunities. In addition, the unit focuses on the negative effects of segregation on the performance of the most disadvantaged students, as well as the performance of the overall education system.

Unit 4.2. School segregation and social costs examines the social impacts beyond the school system. We show the many societal effects of school segregation, such as increasing racism, social exclusion or economic drawback. This unit presents empirical evidence that illustrates the adverse social consequences of school segregation.